SMARTPHONE, È ALLARME PER LA SINDROME DA ‘VIBRAZIONE FANTASMA’: IN COSA CONSISTE

// //

// //

SMARTPHONE, È ALLARME PER LA SINDROME DA ‘VIBRAZIONE FANTASMA’: IN COSA CONSISTE

A mettere in guardia è Robert Rosenberger, esperto del Georgia Institute of Technology, negli Stati Uniti.

Gli smartphone fanno ormai parte della nostra vita quotidiana, e, diciamocela tutta, anche in modo eccessivamente ossessivo. E’ come se fossero un organo aggiunto, un prolungamento del nostro corpo umano. Siamo sempre lì a cercare nuove notifiche in arrivo, gli ultimi aggiornamenti di stato di parenti e amici, a scrivere messaggini nelle chat, a controllare le mail. Dalla mattina alla sera e in tanti anche la notte. Al punto che non sono pochi gli allarmi riguardol’insonnia provata da tante persone a causa della smania da cellulare. Come non manchino allarmi sulle deformazioni al collo di molti adolescenti, che stanno sviluppando il proprio corpo in modo deforme, come si è evinto da molte radiografie. Ma c’è un’altra sindrome che si sta diffondendo a macchia d’olio: quella davibrazioni fantasma. Di cosa si tratta? Vediamolo di seguito.

La continua sensazione che il telefono stia vibrando

A descriversi questa sindrome è Robert Rosenberger, esperto del Georgia Institute of Technology. Egli ha effettuato uno studio pubblicato sulla rivista Computers in Human Behavior. Stando a questo studio, nove persone su dieci sarebbe affette dalla sindrome da ‘vibrazione fantasma’. Ovvero l’abitudine ripetuta di estrarre il proprio smartphone dalla tasca perché si è convinti di aver ricevuto un messaggino o una chiamata. Che stia vibrando oppure che abbia suonato e non lo abbiamo sentito in tempo. Non è una malattia, ma il semplice fatto che il cervello si sta abituando sempre più a considerare lo smartphone come una parte del nostro corpo. Al punto che un semplice spasmo muscolare o un movimento degli stessi abiti che indossiamo vengono scambiati per la vibrazione del telefono.

Come risolvere questa sindrome

In realtà questa sindrome non è nuova, ma era già diffusa in quanti, per motivi professionali, usavano il cercapersone. Pertanto, lo sentivano continuamente vibrare in tasca, anche quando era in stand-by. Comunque Rosenberger ci tiene a sottolineare il fatto che non bisogna preoccuparsi se capita di tanto in tanto, ovviamente. Se invece diventa un fenomeno continuo che inficia la nostra vita quotidiana, allora è giusto non sottovalutare il problema e cercare di porre dei rimedi. Quali? Ad esempio cambiare quotidianamente, ma anche più volte al giorno se necessario, la tasca in cui teniamo lo smartphone. In modo tale che il cervello non si abitui e non ci invii falsi imput.  

Leggi anche: Wi fi, la morte invisibile che sta distruggendo intere generazioni

http://it.blastingnews.com/salute/2016/01/smartphone-e-allarme-per-la-sindrome-da-vibrazione-fantasma-in-cosa-consiste-00732651.html

 

""

// <![CDATA[
(function(){var g,k=this,aa=function(a,b,c){return a.call.apply(a.bind,arguments)},ba=function(a,b,c){if(!a)throw Error();if(2<arguments.length){var d=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments,2);return function(){var c=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments);Array.prototype.unshift.apply(c,d);return a.apply(b,c)}}return function(){return a.apply(b,arguments)}},l=function(a,b,c){l=Function.prototype.bind&&-1!=Function.prototype.bind.toString().indexOf("native code")?aa:ba;return l.apply(null,arguments)},m=Date.now||function(){return+new Date};var n=String.prototype.trim?function(a){return a.trim()}:function(a){return a.replace(/^[su00a0]+|[su00a0]+$/g,"")},p=function(a,b){return ab?1:0};var q=function(a){return Array.prototype.concat.apply(Array.prototype,arguments)},ca=function(a){var b=a.length;if(0<b){for(var c=Array(b),d=0;dparseFloat(a))?String(b):a}(),ha={},ia=function(a){if(!ha[a]){for(var b=0,c=n(String(A)).split("."),d=n(String(a)).split("."),e=Math.max(c.length,d.length),f=0;0==b&&f<e;f++){var h=c[f]||"",B=d[f]||"",O=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g"),ra=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g");do{var C=O.exec(h)||["","",""],D=ra.exec(B)||["","",""];if(0==C[0].length&&0==D[0].length)break;b=p(0==C[1].length?0:parseInt(C[1],10),0==D[1].length?0:parseInt(D[1],10))||p(0==C[2].length,0==D[2].length)||p(C[2],D[2])}while(0==b)}ha[a]=0<=b}},ka=k.document,la=ka&&x?z()||("CSS1Compat"==ka.compatMode?parseInt(A,10):5):void 0;var E;if(!(E=!y&&!x)){var F;if(F=x)F=9<=Number(la);E=F}E||y&&ia("1.9.1");x&&ia("9");var G=document,H=window;var ma="StopIteration"in k?k.StopIteration:{message:"StopIteration",stack:""},I=function(){};I.prototype.next=function(){throw ma;};I.prototype.X=function(){return this};var J=function(a,b){this.m={};this.i=[];this.J=this.h=0;var c=arguments.length;if(1<c){if(c%2)throw Error("Uneven number of arguments");for(var d=0;d<c;d+=2)this.set(arguments[d],arguments[d+1])}else a&&this.addAll(a)};J.prototype.v=function(){K(this);for(var a=[],b=0;b
2*this.h&&K(this),!0):!1};var K=function(a){if(a.h!=a.i.length){for(var b=0,c=0;b<a.i.length;){var d=a.i[b];L(a.m,d)&&(a.i[c++]=d);b++}a.i.length=c}if(a.h!=a.i.length){for(var e={},c=b=0;b<a.i.length;)d=a.i[b],L(e,d)||(a.i[c++]=d,e[d]=1),b++;a.i.length=c}};g=J.prototype;g.get=function(a,b){return L(this.m,a)?this.m[a]:b};g.set=function(a,b){L(this.m,a)||(this.h++,this.i.push(a),this.J++);this.m[a]=b};g.addAll=function(a){var b;if(a instanceof J)b=a.B(),a=a.v();else{b=[];var c=0,d;for(d in a)b[c++]=d;c=[];d=0;for(var e in a)c[d++]=a[e];a=c}for(e=0;e<b.length;e++)this.set(b[e],a[e])};g.forEach=function(a,b){for(var c=this.B(),d=0;d=d.i.length)throw ma;var e=d.i[b++];return a?e:d.m[e]};return e};var L=function(a,b){return Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(a,b)};var na=/^(?:([^:/?#.]+):)?(?://(?:([^/?#]*)@)?([^/#?]*?)(?::([0-9]+))?(?=[/#?]|$))?([^?#]+)?(?:?([^#]*))?(?:#(.*))?$/,oa=function(a,b){if(a)for(var c=a.split("&"),d=0;d<c.length;d++){var e=c[d].indexOf("="),f=null,h=null;0b)throw Error("Bad port number "+b);a.H=b}else a.H=null},sa=function(a,b,c){N(a);b instanceof Q?(a.o=b,a.o.N(a.l)):(c||(b=R(b,xa)),a.o=new Q(b,0,a.l))},N=function(a){if(a.ba)throw Error("Tried to modify a read-only Uri");};M.prototype.N=function(a){this.l=a;this.o&&this.o.N(a);return this};var P=function(a,b){return a?b?decodeURI(a.replace(/%25/g,"%2525")):decodeURIComponent(a):""},R=function(a,b,c){return"string"==typeof a?(a=encodeURI(a).replace(b,ya),c&&(a=a.replace(/%25([0-9a-fA-F]{2})/g,"%$1")),a):null},ya=function(a){a=a.charCodeAt(0);return"%"+(a>>4&15).toString(16)+(a&15).toString(16)},ta=/[#/?@]/g,va=/[#?:]/g,ua=/[#?]/g,xa=/[#?@]/g,wa=/#/g,Q=function(a,b,c){this.h=this.g=null;this.j=a||null;this.l=!!c},S=function(a){a.g||(a.g=new J,a.h=0,a.j&&oa(a.j,function(b,c){a.add(decodeURIComponent(b.replace(/+/g," ")),c)}))};g=Q.prototype;g.add=function(a,b){S(this);this.j=null;a=T(this,a);var c=this.g.get(a);c||this.g.set(a,c=[]);c.push(b);this.h+=1;return this};g.remove=function(a){S(this);a=T(this,a);return this.g.A(a)?(this.j=null,this.h-=this.g.get(a).length,this.g.remove(a)):!1};g.A=function(a){S(this);a=T(this,a);return this.g.A(a)};g.B=function(){S(this);for(var a=this.g.v(),b=this.g.B(),c=[],d=0;d<b.length;d++)for(var e=a[d],f=0;f<e.length;f++)c.push(b[d]);return c};g.v=function(a){S(this);var b=[];if("string"==typeof a)this.A(a)&&(b=q(b,this.g.get(T(this,a))));else{a=this.g.v();for(var c=0;c<a.length;c++)b=q(b,a[c])}return b};g.set=function(a,b){S(this);this.j=null;a=T(this,a);this.A(a)&&(this.h-=this.g.get(a).length);this.g.set(a,[b]);this.h+=1;return this};g.get=function(a,b){var c=a?this.v(a):[];return 0<c.length?String(c[0]):b};g.toString=function(){if(this.j)return this.j;if(!this.g)return"";for(var a=[],b=this.g.B(),c=0;c<b.length;c++)for(var d=b[c],e=encodeURIComponent(String(d)),d=this.v(d),f=0;f<d.length;f++){var h=e;""!==d[f]&&(h+="="+encodeURIComponent(String(d[f])));a.push(h)}return this.j=a.join("&")};g.clone=function(){var a=new Q;a.j=this.j;this.g&&(a.g=this.g.clone(),a.h=this.h);return a};var T=function(a,b){var c=String(b);a.l&&(c=c.toLowerCase());return c};Q.prototype.N=function(a){a&&!this.l&&(S(this),this.j=null,this.g.forEach(function(a,c){var d=c.toLowerCase();c!=d&&(this.remove(c),this.remove(d),0this.Y&&(this.G=-1,V(this,1,a),null!==this.s&&this.s.registerFinalizeCallback(l(this.s.fireOnObject,this.s,"attempt_survey_trigger",["wfocus",this.W,this.U,this.L,this.S,this.O,a])))}this.Z&&V(this,3)}};var za=function(a){if(null!==a.s){var b=l(function(a,b,c){this.L=b.fa().ea();this.L||(a=new M(b.da()),this.L=a.u+a.D);this.S=b.creativeConversionUrl();this.O=b.adGroupCreativeId();this.V(c)},a),c=a.R;a.s.forEachAd(function(a){a.forEachNavigationAdPiece(function(d){a.listen(d,c,b)})})}else{var d=l(a.V,a);w(H,a.R,d)}};W.prototype.V=function(a){this.P=a.button;this.M=!0;a=l(this.T,this);H.setTimeout(a,5E3)};W.prototype.T=function(){this.M=!1};var V=function(a,b,c){var d=["//",a.ca?"googleads.g.doubleclick.net":"pagead2.googlesyndication.com","/pagead/gen_204?id=wfocus","&gqid="+a.U,"&qqid="+a.W].join("");0==b&&(d+="&return=0");1==b&&(d+="&return=1&timeDelta="+c,a.$&&(d+="&cbtn="+a.P));2==b&&(d+="&bgload=1");3==b&&(d+="&fg=1");H.google_image_requests||(H.google_image_requests=[]);a=H.document.createElement("img");a.src=d;H.google_image_requests.push(a)},U=function(a){return"undefined"!==typeof a};var Aa=function(a,b,c,d,e,f,h,B){return new W(null,a,b,c,d,e,f,h,B)},X=["wfocusnhinit"],Y=k;X[0]in Y||!Y.execScript||Y.execScript("var "+X[0]);for(var Z;X.length&&(Z=X.shift());)X.length||void 0===Aa?Y=Y[Z]?Y[Z]:Y[Z]={}:Y[Z]=Aa;}).call(this);wfocusnhinit("tyu9Vt2XINW2YfW-tdgK","CLCXxaKA8coCFReXGAodkB4CLg",true,true,true,false,false,0);
// ]]>// g?c=a+f+c:(g+=f.length,f=a.indexOf("&",g),c=0<=f?a.substring(0,g)+c+a.substring(f):a.substring(0,g)+c)}return 2E3<c.length?void 0!==d?ca(a,b,d,void 0,e):a:c};var da=function(){var a=/[&?]exk=([^& ]+)/.exec(p.location.href);return a&&2==a.length?a[1]:null};var q=function(a,b){this.width=a;this.height=b};q.prototype.round=function(){this.width=Math.round(this.width);this.height=Math.round(this.height);return this};var ea=function(a,b){for(var c in a)Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(a,c)&&b.call(void 0,a[c],c,a)},ga=function(){var a=fa;if(!a)return"";var b=/.*[&#?]google_debug(=[^&]*)?(&.*)?$/;try{var c=b.exec(decodeURIComponent(a));if(c)return c[1]&&1<c[1].length?c[1].substring(1):"true"}catch(d){}return""};var ha=function(a,b,c,d){a.addEventListener?a.addEventListener(b,c,d||!1):a.attachEvent&&a.attachEvent("on"+b,c)};var ia=function(a){var b="";ea(a,function(a,d){if(0===a||a)b+="&"+d+"="+encodeURIComponent(String(a))});return b},r=function(a,b,c){a.google_image_requests||(a.google_image_requests=[]);var d=a.document.createElement("img");if(c){var e=function(a){c(a);a=e;d.removeEventListener?d.removeEventListener("load",a,!1):d.detachEvent&&d.detachEvent("onload",a);a=e;d.removeEventListener?d.removeEventListener("error",a,!1):d.detachEvent&&d.detachEvent("onerror",a)};ha(d,"load",e);ha(d,"error",e)}d.src=b;a.google_image_requests.push(d)};var ja=function(a,b,c){this.v=a;this.u=b;this.c=c;this.f=null;this.s=this.g;this.A=!1},ka=function(a,b,c){this.message=a;this.fileName=b||"";this.lineNumber=c||-1},ma=function(a,b,c){var d;try{d=c()}catch(g){var e=a.c;try{var f=la(g),e=a.s.call(a,b,f,void 0,void 0)}catch(l){a.g("pAR",l)}if(!e)throw g;}finally{}return d},u=function(a,b){var c=na;return function(){var d=arguments;return ma(c,a,function(){return b.apply(void 0,d)})}};ja.prototype.g=function(a,b,c,d,e){var f={};f.context=a;b instanceof ka||(b=la(b));f.msg=b.message.substring(0,512);b.fileName&&(f.file=b.fileName);0<b.lineNumber&&(f.line=b.lineNumber.toString());a=h.document;f.url=a.URL.substring(0,512);f.ref=a.referrer.substring(0,512);if(this.f)try{this.f(f)}catch(l){}if(d)try{d(f)}catch(l){}d=this.v;try{if((this.A?d.w:Math.random())<(c||d.o)){var g=d.m+(e||this.u)+ia(f),g=g.substring(0,2E3);r(h,g)}}catch(l){}return this.c};var la=function(a){var b=a.toString();a.name&&-1==b.indexOf(a.name)&&(b+=": "+a.name);a.message&&-1==b.indexOf(a.message)&&(b+=": "+a.message);if(a.stack){var c=a.stack,d=b;try{-1==c.indexOf(d)&&(c=d+"n"+c);for(var e;c!=e;)e=c,c=c.replace(/((https?:/..*/)[^/:]*:d+(?:.|n)*)2/,"$1");b=c.replace(/n */g,"n")}catch(f){b=d}}return new ka(b,a.fileName,a.lineNumber)};var oa=String.prototype.trim?function(a){return a.trim()}:function(a){return a.replace(/^[su00a0]+|[su00a0]+$/g,"")},pa=function(a,b){return ab?1:0};var qa=Array.prototype.indexOf?function(a,b,c){return Array.prototype.indexOf.call(a,b,c)}:function(a,b,c){c=null==c?0:0>c?Math.max(0,a.length+c):c;if(k(a))return k(b)&&1==b.length?a.indexOf(b,c):-1;for(;c<a.length;c++)if(c in a&&a[c]===b)return c;return-1},ra=Array.prototype.map?function(a,b,c){return Array.prototype.map.call(a,b,c)}:function(a,b,c){for(var d=a.length,e=Array(d),f=k(a)?a.split(""):a,g=0;gparseFloat(a))?String(b):a}(),Da={},A=function(a){var b;if(!(b=Da[a])){b=0;for(var c=oa(String(Ca)).split("."),d=oa(String(a)).split("."),e=Math.max(c.length,d.length),f=0;0==b&&f<e;f++){var g=c[f]||"",l=d[f]||"",S=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g"),t=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g");do{var K=S.exec(g)||["","",""],L=t.exec(l)||["","",""];if(0==K[0].length&&0==L[0].length)break;b=pa(0==K[1].length?0:parseInt(K[1],10),0==L[1].length?0:parseInt(L[1],10))||pa(0==K[2].length,0==L[2].length)||pa(K[2],L[2])}while(0==b)}b=Da[a]=0<=b}return b},Ea=h.document,Fa=Ea&&y?Ba()||("CSS1Compat"==Ea.compatMode?parseInt(Ca,10):5):void 0;!z&&!y||y&&9<=Number(Fa)||z&&A("1.9.1");y&&A("9");var B=document,p=window;var C=null,Ga=function(){if(!B.body)return!1;if(!C){var a=B.createElement("iframe");a.style.display="none";a.id="anonIframe";C=a;B.body.appendChild(a)}return!0};var na;na=new ja(new function(){this.m="http"+("http:"===p.location.protocol?"":"s")+"://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/gen_204?id=";this.o=.01;this.w=Math.random()},"jserror",!0);var D=function(a,b){return u(a,b)};y&&A("9");!za||A("528");z&&A("1.9b")||y&&A("8")||xa&&A("9.5")||za&&A("528");z&&!A("8")||y&&A("9");var Ha=function(a,b,c){if("array"==aa(b))for(var d=0;d<b.length;d++)Ha(a,String(b[d]),c);else null!=b&&c.push("&",a,""===b?"":"=",encodeURIComponent(String(b)))},Ia=function(a,b,c){for(c=c||0;c<b.length;c+=2)Ha(b[c],b[c+1],a);return a},Ja=function(a,b){var c=2==arguments.length?Ia([a],arguments[1],0):Ia([a],arguments,1);if(c[1]){var d=c[0],e=d.indexOf("#");0e?c[1]="?":e==d.length-1&&(c[1]=void 0)}return c.join("")};var Ka=0,E={},Ma=function(a){var b=E.imageLoadingEnabled;if(null!=b)a(b);else{var c=!1;La(function(b,e){delete E[e];c||(c=!0,null!=E.imageLoadingEnabled||(E.imageLoadingEnabled=b),a(b))})}},La=function(a){var b=new Image,c,d=""+Ka++;E[d]=b;b.onload=function(){clearTimeout(c);a(!0,d)};c=setTimeout(function(){a(!1,d)},300);b.src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw=="},Na=function(a){if(a){var b=document.createElement("OBJECT");b.data=a;b.width=1;b.height=1;b.style.visibility="hidden";var c=""+Ka++;E[c]=b;b.onload=b.onerror=function(){delete E[c]};document.body.appendChild(b)}},Oa=function(a){if(a){var b=new Image,c=""+Ka++;E[c]=b;b.onload=b.onerror=function(){delete E[c]};b.src=a}},Pa=function(a){Ma(function(b){b?Oa(a):Na(a)})};var Qa={l:"ud=1",j:"ts=0",B:"sc=1",h:"gz=1",i:"op=1"};if(B&&B.URL){var fa=B.URL,Ra=!(fa&&0=b)){var d=0,e=function(){a();d++;db;){try{if(c.google_osd_static_frame)return c}catch(d){}try{if(c.aswift_0&&(!a||c.aswift_0.google_osd_static_frame))return c.aswift_0}catch(d){}b++;c=c!=c.parent?c.parent:null}return null},Wa=function(a,b,c,d,e){if(10<Ua)p.clearInterval(M);else if(++Ua,p.postMessage&&(b.b||b.a)){var f=Va(!0);if(f){var g={};H(b,g);g[0]="goog_request_monitoring";g[6]=a;g[16]=c;d&&d.length&&(g[17]=d.join(","));e&&(g[19]=e);try{var l=J(g);f.postMessage(l,"*")}catch(S){}}}},Xa=function(a){var b=Va(!1),c=!b;!b&&p&&(b=p.parent);if(b&&b.postMessage)try{b.postMessage(a,"*"),c&&p.postMessage(a,"*")}catch(d){}};var N=!1,O=function(a){if(a=a.match(/[d]+/g))a.length=3};(function(){if(navigator.plugins&&navigator.plugins.length){var a=navigator.plugins["Shockwave Flash"];if(a&&(N=!0,a.description)){O(a.description);return}if(navigator.plugins["Shockwave Flash 2.0"]){N=!0;return}}if(navigator.mimeTypes&&navigator.mimeTypes.length&&(a=navigator.mimeTypes["application/x-shockwave-flash"],N=!!a&&a.enabledPlugin)){O(a.enabledPlugin.description);return}try{var b=new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash.7");N=!0;O(b.GetVariable("$version"));return}catch(c){}try{b=new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash.6");N=!0;return}catch(c){}try{b=new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash"),N=!0,O(b.GetVariable("$version"))}catch(c){}})();var Ya=w("Firefox"),Za=wa()||w("iPod"),$a=w("iPad"),ab=w("Android")&&!(va()||w("Firefox")||x()||w("Silk")),bb=va(),cb=w("Safari")&&!(va()||w("Coast")||x()||w("Edge")||w("Silk")||w("Android"))&&!(wa()||w("iPad")||w("iPod"));var P=function(a){return(a=a.exec(v))?a[1]:""};(function(){if(Ya)return P(/Firefox/([0-9.]+)/);if(y||ya||xa)return Ca;if(bb)return P(/Chrome/([0-9.]+)/);if(cb&&!(wa()||w("iPad")||w("iPod")))return P(/Version/([0-9.]+)/);if(Za||$a){var a;if(a=/Version/(S+).*Mobile/(S+)/.exec(v))return a[1]+"."+a[2]}else if(ab)return(a=P(/Androids+([0-9.]+)/))?a:P(/Version/([0-9.]+)/);return""})();var eb=function(){var a=p.parent&&p.parent!=p,b=a&&0<="//tpc.googlesyndication.com".indexOf(p.location.host);if(a&&p.name&&0==p.name.indexOf("google_ads_iframe")||b){var c;a=p||p;try{var d;if(a.document&&!a.document.body)d=new q(-1,-1);else{var e=(a||window).document,f="CSS1Compat"==e.compatMode?e.documentElement:e.body;d=(new q(f.clientWidth,f.clientHeight)).round()}c=d}catch(g){c=new q(-12245933,-12245933)}return db(c)}c=p.document.getElementsByTagName("SCRIPT");return 0<c.length&&(c=c[c.length-1],c.parentElement&&c.parentElement.id&&0<c.parentElement.id.indexOf("_ad_container"))?db(void 0,c.parentElement):null},db=function(a,b){var c=fb("IMG",a,b);return c||(c=fb("IFRAME",a,b))?c:(c=fb("OBJECT",a,b))?c:null},fb=function(a,b,c){var d=document;c=c||d;d=a&&"*"!=a?a.toUpperCase():"";c=c.querySelectorAll&&c.querySelector&&d?c.querySelectorAll(d+""):c.getElementsByTagName(d||"*");for(d=0;d<c.length;d++){var e=c[d];if("OBJECT"==a)a:{var f=e.getAttribute("height");if(null!=f&&0<f&&0==e.clientHeight)for(var f=e.children,g=0;g<f.length;g++){var l=f[g];if("OBJECT"==l.nodeName||"EMBED"==l.nodeName){e=l;break a}}}f=e.clientHeight;g=e.clientWidth;if(l=b)l=new q(g,f),l=Math.abs(b.width-l.width)<.1*b.width&&Math.abs(b.height-l.height)<.1*b.height;if(l||!b&&10<f&&10<g)return e}return null};var Q=0,gb="",R=[],T=!1,U=!1,V=!1,hb=!0,ib=!1,jb=!1,kb=!1,lb=!1,mb=!1,nb=!1,ob=0,pb=0,W=0,qb=[],I=null,rb="",sb=[],tb=null,ub=[],vb=!1,wb="",xb="",yb=(new Date).getTime(),zb=!1,Ab="",Bb=!1,Cb=["1","0","3"],X=0,Y=0,Db=0,Eb="",Gb=function(a,b,c){T&&(hb||3!=(c||3)||kb)&&Fb(a,b,!0);if(V||U&&jb)Fb(a,b),U=V=!1},Hb=function(){var a=tb;return a?2!=a():!0},Fb=function(a,b,c){if((b=b||rb)&&!vb&&(2==Y||c)&&Hb()){for(var d=0;d<R.length;++d){var e=Ib(R[d],b,c),f=a;ib?Pa(e):r(f,e,void 0)}mb=!0;c?T=!1:vb=!0}},Jb=function(a,b){var c=[];a&&c.push("avi="+a);b&&c.push("cid="+b);return c.length?"//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/activeview?"+c.join("&"):"//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/activeview"},Ib=function(a,b,c){c=c?"osdim":V?"osd2":"osdtos";a=[a,-1<a.indexOf("?")?"&id=":"?id=",c];"osd2"==c&&U&&jb&&a.push("&ts=1");a.push("&ti=1");a.push("&",b);a.push("&uc="+Db);zb?a.push("&tgt="+Ab):a.push("&tgt=nf");a.push("&cl="+(Bb?1:0));nb&&(a.push("&lop=1"),b=m()-ob,a.push("&tslp="+b));b=a.join("");for(a=0;a<sb.length;a++){try{var d=sb[a]()}catch(e){}c="max_length";2<=d.length&&(3==d.length&&(c=d[2]),b=ca(b,encodeURIComponent(d[0]),encodeURIComponent(d[1]),c))}2E3<b.length&&(b=b.substring(0,2E3));return b},Z=function(a){if(wb){try{var b=ca(wb,"vi",a);Ga()&&r(C.contentWindow,b,void 0)}catch(c){}0<=qa(Cb,a)&&(wb="")}},Kb=function(){Z("-1")},Mb=function(a){if(a&&a.data&&k(a.data)){var b;var c=a.data;if(k(c)){b={};for(var c=c.split("n"),d=0;d=e)){var f=Number(c[d].substr(0,e)),e=c[d].substr(e+1);switch(f){case 5:case 8:case 11:case 15:case 16:case 18:e="true"==e;break;case 4:case 7:case 6:case 14:case 20:case 21:case 22:case 23:e=Number(e);break;case 3:case 19:if("function"==aa(decodeURIComponent))try{e=decodeURIComponent(e)}catch(l){throw Error("Error: URI malformed: "+e);}break;case 17:e=ra(decodeURIComponent(e).split(","),Number)}b[f]=e}}b=b[0]?b:null}else b=null;if(b&&(c=new G(b[4],b[12]),I&&I.match(c))){for(c=0;cX&&!U&&2==Y&&Nb(p,"osd2","hs="+X)},Pb=function(){var a={};H(I,a);a[0]="goog_dom_content_loaded";var b=J(a);try{Sa(function(){Xa(b)},10,"osd_listener::ldcl_int")}catch(c){}},Qb=function(){var a={};H(I,a);a[0]="goog_creative_loaded";var b=J(a);Sa(function(){Xa(b)},10,"osd_listener::lcel_int");Bb=!0},Rb=function(a){if(k(a)){a=a.split("&");for(var b=a.length-1;0<=b;b–){var c=a[b],d=Qa;c==d.l?(hb=!1,a.splice(b,1)):c==d.h?(W=1,a.splice(b,1)):c==d.j?(U=!1,a.splice(b,1)):c==d.i&&(ib=!0,a.splice(b,1))}Eb=a.join("&")}},Sb=function(){if(!zb){var a=eb();a&&(zb=!0,Ab=a.tagName,a.complete||a.naturalWidth?Qb():F(a,"load",Qb,"osd_listener::creative_load"))}};n("osdlfm",D("osd_listener::init",function(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,l,S){Q=a;wb=b;xb=d;T=f;g&&Rb(g);U=f;1==l?qb.push(947190538):2==l?qb.push(947190541):3==l&&qb.push(947190542);I=new G(e,da());F(p,"load",Kb,"osd_listener::load");F(p,"message",Mb,"osd_listener::message");gb=c||"";R=[Jb(c,S)];F(p,"unload",Ob,"osd_listener::unload");var t=p.document;!t.readyState||"complete"!=t.readyState&&"loaded"!=t.readyState?w("Trident")||w("MSIE")?F(t,"readystatechange",function(){"complete"!=t.readyState&&"loaded"!=t.readyState||Pb()},"osd_listener::rsc"):F(t,"DOMContentLoaded",Pb,"osd_listener::dcl"):Pb();-1==Q?Y=f?3:1:-2==Q?Y=3:0// //

""

// <![CDATA[
(function(){var g,k=this,aa=function(a,b,c){return a.call.apply(a.bind,arguments)},ba=function(a,b,c){if(!a)throw Error();if(2<arguments.length){var d=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments,2);return function(){var c=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments);Array.prototype.unshift.apply(c,d);return a.apply(b,c)}}return function(){return a.apply(b,arguments)}},l=function(a,b,c){l=Function.prototype.bind&&-1!=Function.prototype.bind.toString().indexOf("native code")?aa:ba;return l.apply(null,arguments)},m=Date.now||function(){return+new Date};var n=String.prototype.trim?function(a){return a.trim()}:function(a){return a.replace(/^[su00a0]+|[su00a0]+$/g,"")},p=function(a,b){return ab?1:0};var q=function(a){return Array.prototype.concat.apply(Array.prototype,arguments)},ca=function(a){var b=a.length;if(0<b){for(var c=Array(b),d=0;dparseFloat(a))?String(b):a}(),ha={},ia=function(a){if(!ha[a]){for(var b=0,c=n(String(A)).split("."),d=n(String(a)).split("."),e=Math.max(c.length,d.length),f=0;0==b&&f<e;f++){var h=c[f]||"",B=d[f]||"",O=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g"),ra=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g");do{var C=O.exec(h)||["","",""],D=ra.exec(B)||["","",""];if(0==C[0].length&&0==D[0].length)break;b=p(0==C[1].length?0:parseInt(C[1],10),0==D[1].length?0:parseInt(D[1],10))||p(0==C[2].length,0==D[2].length)||p(C[2],D[2])}while(0==b)}ha[a]=0<=b}},ka=k.document,la=ka&&x?z()||("CSS1Compat"==ka.compatMode?parseInt(A,10):5):void 0;var E;if(!(E=!y&&!x)){var F;if(F=x)F=9<=Number(la);E=F}E||y&&ia("1.9.1");x&&ia("9");var G=document,H=window;var ma="StopIteration"in k?k.StopIteration:{message:"StopIteration",stack:""},I=function(){};I.prototype.next=function(){throw ma;};I.prototype.X=function(){return this};var J=function(a,b){this.m={};this.i=[];this.J=this.h=0;var c=arguments.length;if(1<c){if(c%2)throw Error("Uneven number of arguments");for(var d=0;d<c;d+=2)this.set(arguments[d],arguments[d+1])}else a&&this.addAll(a)};J.prototype.v=function(){K(this);for(var a=[],b=0;b
2*this.h&&K(this),!0):!1};var K=function(a){if(a.h!=a.i.length){for(var b=0,c=0;b<a.i.length;){var d=a.i[b];L(a.m,d)&&(a.i[c++]=d);b++}a.i.length=c}if(a.h!=a.i.length){for(var e={},c=b=0;b<a.i.length;)d=a.i[b],L(e,d)||(a.i[c++]=d,e[d]=1),b++;a.i.length=c}};g=J.prototype;g.get=function(a,b){return L(this.m,a)?this.m[a]:b};g.set=function(a,b){L(this.m,a)||(this.h++,this.i.push(a),this.J++);this.m[a]=b};g.addAll=function(a){var b;if(a instanceof J)b=a.B(),a=a.v();else{b=[];var c=0,d;for(d in a)b[c++]=d;c=[];d=0;for(var e in a)c[d++]=a[e];a=c}for(e=0;e<b.length;e++)this.set(b[e],a[e])};g.forEach=function(a,b){for(var c=this.B(),d=0;d=d.i.length)throw ma;var e=d.i[b++];return a?e:d.m[e]};return e};var L=function(a,b){return Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(a,b)};var na=/^(?:([^:/?#.]+):)?(?://(?:([^/?#]*)@)?([^/#?]*?)(?::([0-9]+))?(?=[/#?]|$))?([^?#]+)?(?:?([^#]*))?(?:#(.*))?$/,oa=function(a,b){if(a)for(var c=a.split("&"),d=0;d<c.length;d++){var e=c[d].indexOf("="),f=null,h=null;0b)throw Error("Bad port number "+b);a.H=b}else a.H=null},sa=function(a,b,c){N(a);b instanceof Q?(a.o=b,a.o.N(a.l)):(c||(b=R(b,xa)),a.o=new Q(b,0,a.l))},N=function(a){if(a.ba)throw Error("Tried to modify a read-only Uri");};M.prototype.N=function(a){this.l=a;this.o&&this.o.N(a);return this};var P=function(a,b){return a?b?decodeURI(a.replace(/%25/g,"%2525")):decodeURIComponent(a):""},R=function(a,b,c){return"string"==typeof a?(a=encodeURI(a).replace(b,ya),c&&(a=a.replace(/%25([0-9a-fA-F]{2})/g,"%$1")),a):null},ya=function(a){a=a.charCodeAt(0);return"%"+(a>>4&15).toString(16)+(a&15).toString(16)},ta=/[#/?@]/g,va=/[#?:]/g,ua=/[#?]/g,xa=/[#?@]/g,wa=/#/g,Q=function(a,b,c){this.h=this.g=null;this.j=a||null;this.l=!!c},S=function(a){a.g||(a.g=new J,a.h=0,a.j&&oa(a.j,function(b,c){a.add(decodeURIComponent(b.replace(/+/g," ")),c)}))};g=Q.prototype;g.add=function(a,b){S(this);this.j=null;a=T(this,a);var c=this.g.get(a);c||this.g.set(a,c=[]);c.push(b);this.h+=1;return this};g.remove=function(a){S(this);a=T(this,a);return this.g.A(a)?(this.j=null,this.h-=this.g.get(a).length,this.g.remove(a)):!1};g.A=function(a){S(this);a=T(this,a);return this.g.A(a)};g.B=function(){S(this);for(var a=this.g.v(),b=this.g.B(),c=[],d=0;d<b.length;d++)for(var e=a[d],f=0;f<e.length;f++)c.push(b[d]);return c};g.v=function(a){S(this);var b=[];if("string"==typeof a)this.A(a)&&(b=q(b,this.g.get(T(this,a))));else{a=this.g.v();for(var c=0;c<a.length;c++)b=q(b,a[c])}return b};g.set=function(a,b){S(this);this.j=null;a=T(this,a);this.A(a)&&(this.h-=this.g.get(a).length);this.g.set(a,[b]);this.h+=1;return this};g.get=function(a,b){var c=a?this.v(a):[];return 0<c.length?String(c[0]):b};g.toString=function(){if(this.j)return this.j;if(!this.g)return"";for(var a=[],b=this.g.B(),c=0;c<b.length;c++)for(var d=b[c],e=encodeURIComponent(String(d)),d=this.v(d),f=0;f<d.length;f++){var h=e;""!==d[f]&&(h+="="+encodeURIComponent(String(d[f])));a.push(h)}return this.j=a.join("&")};g.clone=function(){var a=new Q;a.j=this.j;this.g&&(a.g=this.g.clone(),a.h=this.h);return a};var T=function(a,b){var c=String(b);a.l&&(c=c.toLowerCase());return c};Q.prototype.N=function(a){a&&!this.l&&(S(this),this.j=null,this.g.forEach(function(a,c){var d=c.toLowerCase();c!=d&&(this.remove(c),this.remove(d),0this.Y&&(this.G=-1,V(this,1,a),null!==this.s&&this.s.registerFinalizeCallback(l(this.s.fireOnObject,this.s,"attempt_survey_trigger",["wfocus",this.W,this.U,this.L,this.S,this.O,a])))}this.Z&&V(this,3)}};var za=function(a){if(null!==a.s){var b=l(function(a,b,c){this.L=b.fa().ea();this.L||(a=new M(b.da()),this.L=a.u+a.D);this.S=b.creativeConversionUrl();this.O=b.adGroupCreativeId();this.V(c)},a),c=a.R;a.s.forEachAd(function(a){a.forEachNavigationAdPiece(function(d){a.listen(d,c,b)})})}else{var d=l(a.V,a);w(H,a.R,d)}};W.prototype.V=function(a){this.P=a.button;this.M=!0;a=l(this.T,this);H.setTimeout(a,5E3)};W.prototype.T=function(){this.M=!1};var V=function(a,b,c){var d=["//",a.ca?"googleads.g.doubleclick.net":"pagead2.googlesyndication.com","/pagead/gen_204?id=wfocus","&gqid="+a.U,"&qqid="+a.W].join("");0==b&&(d+="&return=0");1==b&&(d+="&return=1&timeDelta="+c,a.$&&(d+="&cbtn="+a.P));2==b&&(d+="&bgload=1");3==b&&(d+="&fg=1");H.google_image_requests||(H.google_image_requests=[]);a=H.document.createElement("img");a.src=d;H.google_image_requests.push(a)},U=function(a){return"undefined"!==typeof a};var Aa=function(a,b,c,d,e,f,h,B){return new W(null,a,b,c,d,e,f,h,B)},X=["wfocusnhinit"],Y=k;X[0]in Y||!Y.execScript||Y.execScript("var "+X[0]);for(var Z;X.length&&(Z=X.shift());)X.length||void 0===Aa?Y=Y[Z]?Y[Z]:Y[Z]={}:Y[Z]=Aa;}).call(this);wfocusnhinit("tyu9Vt2XINW2YfW-tdgK","CLCXxaKA8coCFReXGAodkB4CLg",true,true,true,false,false,0);
// ]]>// g?c=a+f+c:(g+=f.length,f=a.indexOf("&",g),c=0<=f?a.substring(0,g)+c+a.substring(f):a.substring(0,g)+c)}return 2E3<c.length?void 0!==d?ca(a,b,d,void 0,e):a:c};var da=function(){var a=/[&?]exk=([^& ]+)/.exec(p.location.href);return a&&2==a.length?a[1]:null};var q=function(a,b){this.width=a;this.height=b};q.prototype.round=function(){this.width=Math.round(this.width);this.height=Math.round(this.height);return this};var ea=function(a,b){for(var c in a)Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(a,c)&&b.call(void 0,a[c],c,a)},ga=function(){var a=fa;if(!a)return"";var b=/.*[&#?]google_debug(=[^&]*)?(&.*)?$/;try{var c=b.exec(decodeURIComponent(a));if(c)return c[1]&&1<c[1].length?c[1].substring(1):"true"}catch(d){}return""};var ha=function(a,b,c,d){a.addEventListener?a.addEventListener(b,c,d||!1):a.attachEvent&&a.attachEvent("on"+b,c)};var ia=function(a){var b="";ea(a,function(a,d){if(0===a||a)b+="&"+d+"="+encodeURIComponent(String(a))});return b},r=function(a,b,c){a.google_image_requests||(a.google_image_requests=[]);var d=a.document.createElement("img");if(c){var e=function(a){c(a);a=e;d.removeEventListener?d.removeEventListener("load",a,!1):d.detachEvent&&d.detachEvent("onload",a);a=e;d.removeEventListener?d.removeEventListener("error",a,!1):d.detachEvent&&d.detachEvent("onerror",a)};ha(d,"load",e);ha(d,"error",e)}d.src=b;a.google_image_requests.push(d)};var ja=function(a,b,c){this.v=a;this.u=b;this.c=c;this.f=null;this.s=this.g;this.A=!1},ka=function(a,b,c){this.message=a;this.fileName=b||"";this.lineNumber=c||-1},ma=function(a,b,c){var d;try{d=c()}catch(g){var e=a.c;try{var f=la(g),e=a.s.call(a,b,f,void 0,void 0)}catch(l){a.g("pAR",l)}if(!e)throw g;}finally{}return d},u=function(a,b){var c=na;return function(){var d=arguments;return ma(c,a,function(){return b.apply(void 0,d)})}};ja.prototype.g=function(a,b,c,d,e){var f={};f.context=a;b instanceof ka||(b=la(b));f.msg=b.message.substring(0,512);b.fileName&&(f.file=b.fileName);0<b.lineNumber&&(f.line=b.lineNumber.toString());a=h.document;f.url=a.URL.substring(0,512);f.ref=a.referrer.substring(0,512);if(this.f)try{this.f(f)}catch(l){}if(d)try{d(f)}catch(l){}d=this.v;try{if((this.A?d.w:Math.random())<(c||d.o)){var g=d.m+(e||this.u)+ia(f),g=g.substring(0,2E3);r(h,g)}}catch(l){}return this.c};var la=function(a){var b=a.toString();a.name&&-1==b.indexOf(a.name)&&(b+=": "+a.name);a.message&&-1==b.indexOf(a.message)&&(b+=": "+a.message);if(a.stack){var c=a.stack,d=b;try{-1==c.indexOf(d)&&(c=d+"n"+c);for(var e;c!=e;)e=c,c=c.replace(/((https?:/..*/)[^/:]*:d+(?:.|n)*)2/,"$1");b=c.replace(/n */g,"n")}catch(f){b=d}}return new ka(b,a.fileName,a.lineNumber)};var oa=String.prototype.trim?function(a){return a.trim()}:function(a){return a.replace(/^[su00a0]+|[su00a0]+$/g,"")},pa=function(a,b){return ab?1:0};var qa=Array.prototype.indexOf?function(a,b,c){return Array.prototype.indexOf.call(a,b,c)}:function(a,b,c){c=null==c?0:0>c?Math.max(0,a.length+c):c;if(k(a))return k(b)&&1==b.length?a.indexOf(b,c):-1;for(;c<a.length;c++)if(c in a&&a[c]===b)return c;return-1},ra=Array.prototype.map?function(a,b,c){return Array.prototype.map.call(a,b,c)}:function(a,b,c){for(var d=a.length,e=Array(d),f=k(a)?a.split(""):a,g=0;gparseFloat(a))?String(b):a}(),Da={},A=function(a){var b;if(!(b=Da[a])){b=0;for(var c=oa(String(Ca)).split("."),d=oa(String(a)).split("."),e=Math.max(c.length,d.length),f=0;0==b&&f<e;f++){var g=c[f]||"",l=d[f]||"",S=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g"),t=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g");do{var K=S.exec(g)||["","",""],L=t.exec(l)||["","",""];if(0==K[0].length&&0==L[0].length)break;b=pa(0==K[1].length?0:parseInt(K[1],10),0==L[1].length?0:parseInt(L[1],10))||pa(0==K[2].length,0==L[2].length)||pa(K[2],L[2])}while(0==b)}b=Da[a]=0<=b}return b},Ea=h.document,Fa=Ea&&y?Ba()||("CSS1Compat"==Ea.compatMode?parseInt(Ca,10):5):void 0;!z&&!y||y&&9<=Number(Fa)||z&&A("1.9.1");y&&A("9");var B=document,p=window;var C=null,Ga=function(){if(!B.body)return!1;if(!C){var a=B.createElement("iframe");a.style.display="none";a.id="anonIframe";C=a;B.body.appendChild(a)}return!0};var na;na=new ja(new function(){this.m="http"+("http:"===p.location.protocol?"":"s")+"://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/gen_204?id=";this.o=.01;this.w=Math.random()},"jserror",!0);var D=function(a,b){return u(a,b)};y&&A("9");!za||A("528");z&&A("1.9b")||y&&A("8")||xa&&A("9.5")||za&&A("528");z&&!A("8")||y&&A("9");var Ha=function(a,b,c){if("array"==aa(b))for(var d=0;d<b.length;d++)Ha(a,String(b[d]),c);else null!=b&&c.push("&",a,""===b?"":"=",encodeURIComponent(String(b)))},Ia=function(a,b,c){for(c=c||0;c<b.length;c+=2)Ha(b[c],b[c+1],a);return a},Ja=function(a,b){var c=2==arguments.length?Ia([a],arguments[1],0):Ia([a],arguments,1);if(c[1]){var d=c[0],e=d.indexOf("#");0e?c[1]="?":e==d.length-1&&(c[1]=void 0)}return c.join("")};var Ka=0,E={},Ma=function(a){var b=E.imageLoadingEnabled;if(null!=b)a(b);else{var c=!1;La(function(b,e){delete E[e];c||(c=!0,null!=E.imageLoadingEnabled||(E.imageLoadingEnabled=b),a(b))})}},La=function(a){var b=new Image,c,d=""+Ka++;E[d]=b;b.onload=function(){clearTimeout(c);a(!0,d)};c=setTimeout(function(){a(!1,d)},300);b.src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw=="},Na=function(a){if(a){var b=document.createElement("OBJECT");b.data=a;b.width=1;b.height=1;b.style.visibility="hidden";var c=""+Ka++;E[c]=b;b.onload=b.onerror=function(){delete E[c]};document.body.appendChild(b)}},Oa=function(a){if(a){var b=new Image,c=""+Ka++;E[c]=b;b.onload=b.onerror=function(){delete E[c]};b.src=a}},Pa=function(a){Ma(function(b){b?Oa(a):Na(a)})};var Qa={l:"ud=1",j:"ts=0",B:"sc=1",h:"gz=1",i:"op=1"};if(B&&B.URL){var fa=B.URL,Ra=!(fa&&0=b)){var d=0,e=function(){a();d++;db;){try{if(c.google_osd_static_frame)return c}catch(d){}try{if(c.aswift_0&&(!a||c.aswift_0.google_osd_static_frame))return c.aswift_0}catch(d){}b++;c=c!=c.parent?c.parent:null}return null},Wa=function(a,b,c,d,e){if(10<Ua)p.clearInterval(M);else if(++Ua,p.postMessage&&(b.b||b.a)){var f=Va(!0);if(f){var g={};H(b,g);g[0]="goog_request_monitoring";g[6]=a;g[16]=c;d&&d.length&&(g[17]=d.join(","));e&&(g[19]=e);try{var l=J(g);f.postMessage(l,"*")}catch(S){}}}},Xa=function(a){var b=Va(!1),c=!b;!b&&p&&(b=p.parent);if(b&&b.postMessage)try{b.postMessage(a,"*"),c&&p.postMessage(a,"*")}catch(d){}};var N=!1,O=function(a){if(a=a.match(/[d]+/g))a.length=3};(function(){if(navigator.plugins&&navigator.plugins.length){var a=navigator.plugins["Shockwave Flash"];if(a&&(N=!0,a.description)){O(a.description);return}if(navigator.plugins["Shockwave Flash 2.0"]){N=!0;return}}if(navigator.mimeTypes&&navigator.mimeTypes.length&&(a=navigator.mimeTypes["application/x-shockwave-flash"],N=!!a&&a.enabledPlugin)){O(a.enabledPlugin.description);return}try{var b=new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash.7");N=!0;O(b.GetVariable("$version"));return}catch(c){}try{b=new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash.6");N=!0;return}catch(c){}try{b=new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash"),N=!0,O(b.GetVariable("$version"))}catch(c){}})();var Ya=w("Firefox"),Za=wa()||w("iPod"),$a=w("iPad"),ab=w("Android")&&!(va()||w("Firefox")||x()||w("Silk")),bb=va(),cb=w("Safari")&&!(va()||w("Coast")||x()||w("Edge")||w("Silk")||w("Android"))&&!(wa()||w("iPad")||w("iPod"));var P=function(a){return(a=a.exec(v))?a[1]:""};(function(){if(Ya)return P(/Firefox/([0-9.]+)/);if(y||ya||xa)return Ca;if(bb)return P(/Chrome/([0-9.]+)/);if(cb&&!(wa()||w("iPad")||w("iPod")))return P(/Version/([0-9.]+)/);if(Za||$a){var a;if(a=/Version/(S+).*Mobile/(S+)/.exec(v))return a[1]+"."+a[2]}else if(ab)return(a=P(/Androids+([0-9.]+)/))?a:P(/Version/([0-9.]+)/);return""})();var eb=function(){var a=p.parent&&p.parent!=p,b=a&&0<="//tpc.googlesyndication.com".indexOf(p.location.host);if(a&&p.name&&0==p.name.indexOf("google_ads_iframe")||b){var c;a=p||p;try{var d;if(a.document&&!a.document.body)d=new q(-1,-1);else{var e=(a||window).document,f="CSS1Compat"==e.compatMode?e.documentElement:e.body;d=(new q(f.clientWidth,f.clientHeight)).round()}c=d}catch(g){c=new q(-12245933,-12245933)}return db(c)}c=p.document.getElementsByTagName("SCRIPT");return 0<c.length&&(c=c[c.length-1],c.parentElement&&c.parentElement.id&&0<c.parentElement.id.indexOf("_ad_container"))?db(void 0,c.parentElement):null},db=function(a,b){var c=fb("IMG",a,b);return c||(c=fb("IFRAME",a,b))?c:(c=fb("OBJECT",a,b))?c:null},fb=function(a,b,c){var d=document;c=c||d;d=a&&"*"!=a?a.toUpperCase():"";c=c.querySelectorAll&&c.querySelector&&d?c.querySelectorAll(d+""):c.getElementsByTagName(d||"*");for(d=0;d<c.length;d++){var e=c[d];if("OBJECT"==a)a:{var f=e.getAttribute("height");if(null!=f&&0<f&&0==e.clientHeight)for(var f=e.children,g=0;g<f.length;g++){var l=f[g];if("OBJECT"==l.nodeName||"EMBED"==l.nodeName){e=l;break a}}}f=e.clientHeight;g=e.clientWidth;if(l=b)l=new q(g,f),l=Math.abs(b.width-l.width)<.1*b.width&&Math.abs(b.height-l.height)<.1*b.height;if(l||!b&&10<f&&10<g)return e}return null};var Q=0,gb="",R=[],T=!1,U=!1,V=!1,hb=!0,ib=!1,jb=!1,kb=!1,lb=!1,mb=!1,nb=!1,ob=0,pb=0,W=0,qb=[],I=null,rb="",sb=[],tb=null,ub=[],vb=!1,wb="",xb="",yb=(new Date).getTime(),zb=!1,Ab="",Bb=!1,Cb=["1","0","3"],X=0,Y=0,Db=0,Eb="",Gb=function(a,b,c){T&&(hb||3!=(c||3)||kb)&&Fb(a,b,!0);if(V||U&&jb)Fb(a,b),U=V=!1},Hb=function(){var a=tb;return a?2!=a():!0},Fb=function(a,b,c){if((b=b||rb)&&!vb&&(2==Y||c)&&Hb()){for(var d=0;d<R.length;++d){var e=Ib(R[d],b,c),f=a;ib?Pa(e):r(f,e,void 0)}mb=!0;c?T=!1:vb=!0}},Jb=function(a,b){var c=[];a&&c.push("avi="+a);b&&c.push("cid="+b);return c.length?"//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/activeview?"+c.join("&"):"//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/activeview"},Ib=function(a,b,c){c=c?"osdim":V?"osd2":"osdtos";a=[a,-1<a.indexOf("?")?"&id=":"?id=",c];"osd2"==c&&U&&jb&&a.push("&ts=1");a.push("&ti=1");a.push("&",b);a.push("&uc="+Db);zb?a.push("&tgt="+Ab):a.push("&tgt=nf");a.push("&cl="+(Bb?1:0));nb&&(a.push("&lop=1"),b=m()-ob,a.push("&tslp="+b));b=a.join("");for(a=0;a<sb.length;a++){try{var d=sb[a]()}catch(e){}c="max_length";2<=d.length&&(3==d.length&&(c=d[2]),b=ca(b,encodeURIComponent(d[0]),encodeURIComponent(d[1]),c))}2E3<b.length&&(b=b.substring(0,2E3));return b},Z=function(a){if(wb){try{var b=ca(wb,"vi",a);Ga()&&r(C.contentWindow,b,void 0)}catch(c){}0<=qa(Cb,a)&&(wb="")}},Kb=function(){Z("-1")},Mb=function(a){if(a&&a.data&&k(a.data)){var b;var c=a.data;if(k(c)){b={};for(var c=c.split("n"),d=0;d=e)){var f=Number(c[d].substr(0,e)),e=c[d].substr(e+1);switch(f){case 5:case 8:case 11:case 15:case 16:case 18:e="true"==e;break;case 4:case 7:case 6:case 14:case 20:case 21:case 22:case 23:e=Number(e);break;case 3:case 19:if("function"==aa(decodeURIComponent))try{e=decodeURIComponent(e)}catch(l){throw Error("Error: URI malformed: "+e);}break;case 17:e=ra(decodeURIComponent(e).split(","),Number)}b[f]=e}}b=b[0]?b:null}else b=null;if(b&&(c=new G(b[4],b[12]),I&&I.match(c))){for(c=0;cX&&!U&&2==Y&&Nb(p,"osd2","hs="+X)},Pb=function(){var a={};H(I,a);a[0]="goog_dom_content_loaded";var b=J(a);try{Sa(function(){Xa(b)},10,"osd_listener::ldcl_int")}catch(c){}},Qb=function(){var a={};H(I,a);a[0]="goog_creative_loaded";var b=J(a);Sa(function(){Xa(b)},10,"osd_listener::lcel_int");Bb=!0},Rb=function(a){if(k(a)){a=a.split("&");for(var b=a.length-1;0<=b;b–){var c=a[b],d=Qa;c==d.l?(hb=!1,a.splice(b,1)):c==d.h?(W=1,a.splice(b,1)):c==d.j?(U=!1,a.splice(b,1)):c==d.i&&(ib=!0,a.splice(b,1))}Eb=a.join("&")}},Sb=function(){if(!zb){var a=eb();a&&(zb=!0,Ab=a.tagName,a.complete||a.naturalWidth?Qb():F(a,"load",Qb,"osd_listener::creative_load"))}};n("osdlfm",D("osd_listener::init",function(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,l,S){Q=a;wb=b;xb=d;T=f;g&&Rb(g);U=f;1==l?qb.push(947190538):2==l?qb.push(947190541):3==l&&qb.push(947190542);I=new G(e,da());F(p,"load",Kb,"osd_listener::load");F(p,"message",Mb,"osd_listener::message");gb=c||"";R=[Jb(c,S)];F(p,"unload",Ob,"osd_listener::unload");var t=p.document;!t.readyState||"complete"!=t.readyState&&"loaded"!=t.readyState?w("Trident")||w("MSIE")?F(t,"readystatechange",function(){"complete"!=t.readyState&&"loaded"!=t.readyState||Pb()},"osd_listener::rsc"):F(t,"DOMContentLoaded",Pb,"osd_listener::dcl"):Pb();-1==Q?Y=f?3:1:-2==Q?Y=3:0

""

// <![CDATA[
(function(){var g,k=this,aa=function(a,b,c){return a.call.apply(a.bind,arguments)},ba=function(a,b,c){if(!a)throw Error();if(2<arguments.length){var d=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments,2);return function(){var c=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments);Array.prototype.unshift.apply(c,d);return a.apply(b,c)}}return function(){return a.apply(b,arguments)}},l=function(a,b,c){l=Function.prototype.bind&&-1!=Function.prototype.bind.toString().indexOf("native code")?aa:ba;return l.apply(null,arguments)},m=Date.now||function(){return+new Date};var n=String.prototype.trim?function(a){return a.trim()}:function(a){return a.replace(/^[su00a0]+|[su00a0]+$/g,"")},p=function(a,b){return ab?1:0};var q=function(a){return Array.prototype.concat.apply(Array.prototype,arguments)},ca=function(a){var b=a.length;if(0<b){for(var c=Array(b),d=0;dparseFloat(a))?String(b):a}(),ha={},ia=function(a){if(!ha[a]){for(var b=0,c=n(String(A)).split("."),d=n(String(a)).split("."),e=Math.max(c.length,d.length),f=0;0==b&&f<e;f++){var h=c[f]||"",B=d[f]||"",O=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g"),ra=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g");do{var C=O.exec(h)||["","",""],D=ra.exec(B)||["","",""];if(0==C[0].length&&0==D[0].length)break;b=p(0==C[1].length?0:parseInt(C[1],10),0==D[1].length?0:parseInt(D[1],10))||p(0==C[2].length,0==D[2].length)||p(C[2],D[2])}while(0==b)}ha[a]=0<=b}},ka=k.document,la=ka&&x?z()||("CSS1Compat"==ka.compatMode?parseInt(A,10):5):void 0;var E;if(!(E=!y&&!x)){var F;if(F=x)F=9<=Number(la);E=F}E||y&&ia("1.9.1");x&&ia("9");var G=document,H=window;var ma="StopIteration"in k?k.StopIteration:{message:"StopIteration",stack:""},I=function(){};I.prototype.next=function(){throw ma;};I.prototype.X=function(){return this};var J=function(a,b){this.m={};this.i=[];this.J=this.h=0;var c=arguments.length;if(1<c){if(c%2)throw Error("Uneven number of arguments");for(var d=0;d<c;d+=2)this.set(arguments[d],arguments[d+1])}else a&&this.addAll(a)};J.prototype.v=function(){K(this);for(var a=[],b=0;b
2*this.h&&K(this),!0):!1};var K=function(a){if(a.h!=a.i.length){for(var b=0,c=0;b<a.i.length;){var d=a.i[b];L(a.m,d)&&(a.i[c++]=d);b++}a.i.length=c}if(a.h!=a.i.length){for(var e={},c=b=0;b<a.i.length;)d=a.i[b],L(e,d)||(a.i[c++]=d,e[d]=1),b++;a.i.length=c}};g=J.prototype;g.get=function(a,b){return L(this.m,a)?this.m[a]:b};g.set=function(a,b){L(this.m,a)||(this.h++,this.i.push(a),this.J++);this.m[a]=b};g.addAll=function(a){var b;if(a instanceof J)b=a.B(),a=a.v();else{b=[];var c=0,d;for(d in a)b[c++]=d;c=[];d=0;for(var e in a)c[d++]=a[e];a=c}for(e=0;e<b.length;e++)this.set(b[e],a[e])};g.forEach=function(a,b){for(var c=this.B(),d=0;d=d.i.length)throw ma;var e=d.i[b++];return a?e:d.m[e]};return e};var L=function(a,b){return Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(a,b)};var na=/^(?:([^:/?#.]+):)?(?://(?:([^/?#]*)@)?([^/#?]*?)(?::([0-9]+))?(?=[/#?]|$))?([^?#]+)?(?:?([^#]*))?(?:#(.*))?$/,oa=function(a,b){if(a)for(var c=a.split("&"),d=0;d<c.length;d++){var e=c[d].indexOf("="),f=null,h=null;0b)throw Error("Bad port number "+b);a.H=b}else a.H=null},sa=function(a,b,c){N(a);b instanceof Q?(a.o=b,a.o.N(a.l)):(c||(b=R(b,xa)),a.o=new Q(b,0,a.l))},N=function(a){if(a.ba)throw Error("Tried to modify a read-only Uri");};M.prototype.N=function(a){this.l=a;this.o&&this.o.N(a);return this};var P=function(a,b){return a?b?decodeURI(a.replace(/%25/g,"%2525")):decodeURIComponent(a):""},R=function(a,b,c){return"string"==typeof a?(a=encodeURI(a).replace(b,ya),c&&(a=a.replace(/%25([0-9a-fA-F]{2})/g,"%$1")),a):null},ya=function(a){a=a.charCodeAt(0);return"%"+(a>>4&15).toString(16)+(a&15).toString(16)},ta=/[#/?@]/g,va=/[#?:]/g,ua=/[#?]/g,xa=/[#?@]/g,wa=/#/g,Q=function(a,b,c){this.h=this.g=null;this.j=a||null;this.l=!!c},S=function(a){a.g||(a.g=new J,a.h=0,a.j&&oa(a.j,function(b,c){a.add(decodeURIComponent(b.replace(/+/g," ")),c)}))};g=Q.prototype;g.add=function(a,b){S(this);this.j=null;a=T(this,a);var c=this.g.get(a);c||this.g.set(a,c=[]);c.push(b);this.h+=1;return this};g.remove=function(a){S(this);a=T(this,a);return this.g.A(a)?(this.j=null,this.h-=this.g.get(a).length,this.g.remove(a)):!1};g.A=function(a){S(this);a=T(this,a);return this.g.A(a)};g.B=function(){S(this);for(var a=this.g.v(),b=this.g.B(),c=[],d=0;d<b.length;d++)for(var e=a[d],f=0;f<e.length;f++)c.push(b[d]);return c};g.v=function(a){S(this);var b=[];if("string"==typeof a)this.A(a)&&(b=q(b,this.g.get(T(this,a))));else{a=this.g.v();for(var c=0;c<a.length;c++)b=q(b,a[c])}return b};g.set=function(a,b){S(this);this.j=null;a=T(this,a);this.A(a)&&(this.h-=this.g.get(a).length);this.g.set(a,[b]);this.h+=1;return this};g.get=function(a,b){var c=a?this.v(a):[];return 0<c.length?String(c[0]):b};g.toString=function(){if(this.j)return this.j;if(!this.g)return"";for(var a=[],b=this.g.B(),c=0;c<b.length;c++)for(var d=b[c],e=encodeURIComponent(String(d)),d=this.v(d),f=0;f<d.length;f++){var h=e;""!==d[f]&&(h+="="+encodeURIComponent(String(d[f])));a.push(h)}return this.j=a.join("&")};g.clone=function(){var a=new Q;a.j=this.j;this.g&&(a.g=this.g.clone(),a.h=this.h);return a};var T=function(a,b){var c=String(b);a.l&&(c=c.toLowerCase());return c};Q.prototype.N=function(a){a&&!this.l&&(S(this),this.j=null,this.g.forEach(function(a,c){var d=c.toLowerCase();c!=d&&(this.remove(c),this.remove(d),0this.Y&&(this.G=-1,V(this,1,a),null!==this.s&&this.s.registerFinalizeCallback(l(this.s.fireOnObject,this.s,"attempt_survey_trigger",["wfocus",this.W,this.U,this.L,this.S,this.O,a])))}this.Z&&V(this,3)}};var za=function(a){if(null!==a.s){var b=l(function(a,b,c){this.L=b.fa().ea();this.L||(a=new M(b.da()),this.L=a.u+a.D);this.S=b.creativeConversionUrl();this.O=b.adGroupCreativeId();this.V(c)},a),c=a.R;a.s.forEachAd(function(a){a.forEachNavigationAdPiece(function(d){a.listen(d,c,b)})})}else{var d=l(a.V,a);w(H,a.R,d)}};W.prototype.V=function(a){this.P=a.button;this.M=!0;a=l(this.T,this);H.setTimeout(a,5E3)};W.prototype.T=function(){this.M=!1};var V=function(a,b,c){var d=["//",a.ca?"googleads.g.doubleclick.net":"pagead2.googlesyndication.com","/pagead/gen_204?id=wfocus","&gqid="+a.U,"&qqid="+a.W].join("");0==b&&(d+="&return=0");1==b&&(d+="&return=1&timeDelta="+c,a.$&&(d+="&cbtn="+a.P));2==b&&(d+="&bgload=1");3==b&&(d+="&fg=1");H.google_image_requests||(H.google_image_requests=[]);a=H.document.createElement("img");a.src=d;H.google_image_requests.push(a)},U=function(a){return"undefined"!==typeof a};var Aa=function(a,b,c,d,e,f,h,B){return new W(null,a,b,c,d,e,f,h,B)},X=["wfocusnhinit"],Y=k;X[0]in Y||!Y.execScript||Y.execScript("var "+X[0]);for(var Z;X.length&&(Z=X.shift());)X.length||void 0===Aa?Y=Y[Z]?Y[Z]:Y[Z]={}:Y[Z]=Aa;}).call(this);wfocusnhinit("tyu9Vt2XINW2YfW-tdgK","CLCXxaKA8coCFReXGAodkB4CLg",true,true,true,false,false,0);
// ]]>// g?c=a+f+c:(g+=f.length,f=a.indexOf("&",g),c=0<=f?a.substring(0,g)+c+a.substring(f):a.substring(0,g)+c)}return 2E3<c.length?void 0!==d?ca(a,b,d,void 0,e):a:c};var da=function(){var a=/[&?]exk=([^& ]+)/.exec(p.location.href);return a&&2==a.length?a[1]:null};var q=function(a,b){this.width=a;this.height=b};q.prototype.round=function(){this.width=Math.round(this.width);this.height=Math.round(this.height);return this};var ea=function(a,b){for(var c in a)Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(a,c)&&b.call(void 0,a[c],c,a)},ga=function(){var a=fa;if(!a)return"";var b=/.*[&#?]google_debug(=[^&]*)?(&.*)?$/;try{var c=b.exec(decodeURIComponent(a));if(c)return c[1]&&1<c[1].length?c[1].substring(1):"true"}catch(d){}return""};var ha=function(a,b,c,d){a.addEventListener?a.addEventListener(b,c,d||!1):a.attachEvent&&a.attachEvent("on"+b,c)};var ia=function(a){var b="";ea(a,function(a,d){if(0===a||a)b+="&"+d+"="+encodeURIComponent(String(a))});return b},r=function(a,b,c){a.google_image_requests||(a.google_image_requests=[]);var d=a.document.createElement("img");if(c){var e=function(a){c(a);a=e;d.removeEventListener?d.removeEventListener("load",a,!1):d.detachEvent&&d.detachEvent("onload",a);a=e;d.removeEventListener?d.removeEventListener("error",a,!1):d.detachEvent&&d.detachEvent("onerror",a)};ha(d,"load",e);ha(d,"error",e)}d.src=b;a.google_image_requests.push(d)};var ja=function(a,b,c){this.v=a;this.u=b;this.c=c;this.f=null;this.s=this.g;this.A=!1},ka=function(a,b,c){this.message=a;this.fileName=b||"";this.lineNumber=c||-1},ma=function(a,b,c){var d;try{d=c()}catch(g){var e=a.c;try{var f=la(g),e=a.s.call(a,b,f,void 0,void 0)}catch(l){a.g("pAR",l)}if(!e)throw g;}finally{}return d},u=function(a,b){var c=na;return function(){var d=arguments;return ma(c,a,function(){return b.apply(void 0,d)})}};ja.prototype.g=function(a,b,c,d,e){var f={};f.context=a;b instanceof ka||(b=la(b));f.msg=b.message.substring(0,512);b.fileName&&(f.file=b.fileName);0<b.lineNumber&&(f.line=b.lineNumber.toString());a=h.document;f.url=a.URL.substring(0,512);f.ref=a.referrer.substring(0,512);if(this.f)try{this.f(f)}catch(l){}if(d)try{d(f)}catch(l){}d=this.v;try{if((this.A?d.w:Math.random())<(c||d.o)){var g=d.m+(e||this.u)+ia(f),g=g.substring(0,2E3);r(h,g)}}catch(l){}return this.c};var la=function(a){var b=a.toString();a.name&&-1==b.indexOf(a.name)&&(b+=": "+a.name);a.message&&-1==b.indexOf(a.message)&&(b+=": "+a.message);if(a.stack){var c=a.stack,d=b;try{-1==c.indexOf(d)&&(c=d+"n"+c);for(var e;c!=e;)e=c,c=c.replace(/((https?:/..*/)[^/:]*:d+(?:.|n)*)2/,"$1");b=c.replace(/n */g,"n")}catch(f){b=d}}return new ka(b,a.fileName,a.lineNumber)};var oa=String.prototype.trim?function(a){return a.trim()}:function(a){return a.replace(/^[su00a0]+|[su00a0]+$/g,"")},pa=function(a,b){return ab?1:0};var qa=Array.prototype.indexOf?function(a,b,c){return Array.prototype.indexOf.call(a,b,c)}:function(a,b,c){c=null==c?0:0>c?Math.max(0,a.length+c):c;if(k(a))return k(b)&&1==b.length?a.indexOf(b,c):-1;for(;c<a.length;c++)if(c in a&&a[c]===b)return c;return-1},ra=Array.prototype.map?function(a,b,c){return Array.prototype.map.call(a,b,c)}:function(a,b,c){for(var d=a.length,e=Array(d),f=k(a)?a.split(""):a,g=0;gparseFloat(a))?String(b):a}(),Da={},A=function(a){var b;if(!(b=Da[a])){b=0;for(var c=oa(String(Ca)).split("."),d=oa(String(a)).split("."),e=Math.max(c.length,d.length),f=0;0==b&&f<e;f++){var g=c[f]||"",l=d[f]||"",S=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g"),t=RegExp("(\d*)(\D*)","g");do{var K=S.exec(g)||["","",""],L=t.exec(l)||["","",""];if(0==K[0].length&&0==L[0].length)break;b=pa(0==K[1].length?0:parseInt(K[1],10),0==L[1].length?0:parseInt(L[1],10))||pa(0==K[2].length,0==L[2].length)||pa(K[2],L[2])}while(0==b)}b=Da[a]=0<=b}return b},Ea=h.document,Fa=Ea&&y?Ba()||("CSS1Compat"==Ea.compatMode?parseInt(Ca,10):5):void 0;!z&&!y||y&&9<=Number(Fa)||z&&A("1.9.1");y&&A("9");var B=document,p=window;var C=null,Ga=function(){if(!B.body)return!1;if(!C){var a=B.createElement("iframe");a.style.display="none";a.id="anonIframe";C=a;B.body.appendChild(a)}return!0};var na;na=new ja(new function(){this.m="http"+("http:"===p.location.protocol?"":"s")+"://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/gen_204?id=";this.o=.01;this.w=Math.random()},"jserror",!0);var D=function(a,b){return u(a,b)};y&&A("9");!za||A("528");z&&A("1.9b")||y&&A("8")||xa&&A("9.5")||za&&A("528");z&&!A("8")||y&&A("9");var Ha=function(a,b,c){if("array"==aa(b))for(var d=0;d<b.length;d++)Ha(a,String(b[d]),c);else null!=b&&c.push("&",a,""===b?"":"=",encodeURIComponent(String(b)))},Ia=function(a,b,c){for(c=c||0;c<b.length;c+=2)Ha(b[c],b[c+1],a);return a},Ja=function(a,b){var c=2==arguments.length?Ia([a],arguments[1],0):Ia([a],arguments,1);if(c[1]){var d=c[0],e=d.indexOf("#");0e?c[1]="?":e==d.length-1&&(c[1]=void 0)}return c.join("")};var Ka=0,E={},Ma=function(a){var b=E.imageLoadingEnabled;if(null!=b)a(b);else{var c=!1;La(function(b,e){delete E[e];c||(c=!0,null!=E.imageLoadingEnabled||(E.imageLoadingEnabled=b),a(b))})}},La=function(a){var b=new Image,c,d=""+Ka++;E[d]=b;b.onload=function(){clearTimeout(c);a(!0,d)};c=setTimeout(function(){a(!1,d)},300);b.src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw=="},Na=function(a){if(a){var b=document.createElement("OBJECT");b.data=a;b.width=1;b.height=1;b.style.visibility="hidden";var c=""+Ka++;E[c]=b;b.onload=b.onerror=function(){delete E[c]};document.body.appendChild(b)}},Oa=function(a){if(a){var b=new Image,c=""+Ka++;E[c]=b;b.onload=b.onerror=function(){delete E[c]};b.src=a}},Pa=function(a){Ma(function(b){b?Oa(a):Na(a)})};var Qa={l:"ud=1",j:"ts=0",B:"sc=1",h:"gz=1",i:"op=1"};if(B&&B.URL){var fa=B.URL,Ra=!(fa&&0=b)){var d=0,e=function(){a();d++;db;){try{if(c.google_osd_static_frame)return c}catch(d){}try{if(c.aswift_0&&(!a||c.aswift_0.google_osd_static_frame))return c.aswift_0}catch(d){}b++;c=c!=c.parent?c.parent:null}return null},Wa=function(a,b,c,d,e){if(10<Ua)p.clearInterval(M);else if(++Ua,p.postMessage&&(b.b||b.a)){var f=Va(!0);if(f){var g={};H(b,g);g[0]="goog_request_monitoring";g[6]=a;g[16]=c;d&&d.length&&(g[17]=d.join(","));e&&(g[19]=e);try{var l=J(g);f.postMessage(l,"*")}catch(S){}}}},Xa=function(a){var b=Va(!1),c=!b;!b&&p&&(b=p.parent);if(b&&b.postMessage)try{b.postMessage(a,"*"),c&&p.postMessage(a,"*")}catch(d){}};var N=!1,O=function(a){if(a=a.match(/[d]+/g))a.length=3};(function(){if(navigator.plugins&&navigator.plugins.length){var a=navigator.plugins["Shockwave Flash"];if(a&&(N=!0,a.description)){O(a.description);return}if(navigator.plugins["Shockwave Flash 2.0"]){N=!0;return}}if(navigator.mimeTypes&&navigator.mimeTypes.length&&(a=navigator.mimeTypes["application/x-shockwave-flash"],N=!!a&&a.enabledPlugin)){O(a.enabledPlugin.description);return}try{var b=new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash.7");N=!0;O(b.GetVariable("$version"));return}catch(c){}try{b=new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash.6");N=!0;return}catch(c){}try{b=new ActiveXObject("ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash"),N=!0,O(b.GetVariable("$version"))}catch(c){}})();var Ya=w("Firefox"),Za=wa()||w("iPod"),$a=w("iPad"),ab=w("Android")&&!(va()||w("Firefox")||x()||w("Silk")),bb=va(),cb=w("Safari")&&!(va()||w("Coast")||x()||w("Edge")||w("Silk")||w("Android"))&&!(wa()||w("iPad")||w("iPod"));var P=function(a){return(a=a.exec(v))?a[1]:""};(function(){if(Ya)return P(/Firefox/([0-9.]+)/);if(y||ya||xa)return Ca;if(bb)return P(/Chrome/([0-9.]+)/);if(cb&&!(wa()||w("iPad")||w("iPod")))return P(/Version/([0-9.]+)/);if(Za||$a){var a;if(a=/Version/(S+).*Mobile/(S+)/.exec(v))return a[1]+"."+a[2]}else if(ab)return(a=P(/Androids+([0-9.]+)/))?a:P(/Version/([0-9.]+)/);return""})();var eb=function(){var a=p.parent&&p.parent!=p,b=a&&0<="//tpc.googlesyndication.com".indexOf(p.location.host);if(a&&p.name&&0==p.name.indexOf("google_ads_iframe")||b){var c;a=p||p;try{var d;if(a.document&&!a.document.body)d=new q(-1,-1);else{var e=(a||window).document,f="CSS1Compat"==e.compatMode?e.documentElement:e.body;d=(new q(f.clientWidth,f.clientHeight)).round()}c=d}catch(g){c=new q(-12245933,-12245933)}return db(c)}c=p.document.getElementsByTagName("SCRIPT");return 0<c.length&&(c=c[c.length-1],c.parentElement&&c.parentElement.id&&0<c.parentElement.id.indexOf("_ad_container"))?db(void 0,c.parentElement):null},db=function(a,b){var c=fb("IMG",a,b);return c||(c=fb("IFRAME",a,b))?c:(c=fb("OBJECT",a,b))?c:null},fb=function(a,b,c){var d=document;c=c||d;d=a&&"*"!=a?a.toUpperCase():"";c=c.querySelectorAll&&c.querySelector&&d?c.querySelectorAll(d+""):c.getElementsByTagName(d||"*");for(d=0;d<c.length;d++){var e=c[d];if("OBJECT"==a)a:{var f=e.getAttribute("height");if(null!=f&&0<f&&0==e.clientHeight)for(var f=e.children,g=0;g<f.length;g++){var l=f[g];if("OBJECT"==l.nodeName||"EMBED"==l.nodeName){e=l;break a}}}f=e.clientHeight;g=e.clientWidth;if(l=b)l=new q(g,f),l=Math.abs(b.width-l.width)<.1*b.width&&Math.abs(b.height-l.height)<.1*b.height;if(l||!b&&10<f&&10<g)return e}return null};var Q=0,gb="",R=[],T=!1,U=!1,V=!1,hb=!0,ib=!1,jb=!1,kb=!1,lb=!1,mb=!1,nb=!1,ob=0,pb=0,W=0,qb=[],I=null,rb="",sb=[],tb=null,ub=[],vb=!1,wb="",xb="",yb=(new Date).getTime(),zb=!1,Ab="",Bb=!1,Cb=["1","0","3"],X=0,Y=0,Db=0,Eb="",Gb=function(a,b,c){T&&(hb||3!=(c||3)||kb)&&Fb(a,b,!0);if(V||U&&jb)Fb(a,b),U=V=!1},Hb=function(){var a=tb;return a?2!=a():!0},Fb=function(a,b,c){if((b=b||rb)&&!vb&&(2==Y||c)&&Hb()){for(var d=0;d<R.length;++d){var e=Ib(R[d],b,c),f=a;ib?Pa(e):r(f,e,void 0)}mb=!0;c?T=!1:vb=!0}},Jb=function(a,b){var c=[];a&&c.push("avi="+a);b&&c.push("cid="+b);return c.length?"//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/activeview?"+c.join("&"):"//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/activeview"},Ib=function(a,b,c){c=c?"osdim":V?"osd2":"osdtos";a=[a,-1<a.indexOf("?")?"&id=":"?id=",c];"osd2"==c&&U&&jb&&a.push("&ts=1");a.push("&ti=1");a.push("&",b);a.push("&uc="+Db);zb?a.push("&tgt="+Ab):a.push("&tgt=nf");a.push("&cl="+(Bb?1:0));nb&&(a.push("&lop=1"),b=m()-ob,a.push("&tslp="+b));b=a.join("");for(a=0;a<sb.length;a++){try{var d=sb[a]()}catch(e){}c="max_length";2<=d.length&&(3==d.length&&(c=d[2]),b=ca(b,encodeURIComponent(d[0]),encodeURIComponent(d[1]),c))}2E3<b.length&&(b=b.substring(0,2E3));return b},Z=function(a){if(wb){try{var b=ca(wb,"vi",a);Ga()&&r(C.contentWindow,b,void 0)}catch(c){}0<=qa(Cb,a)&&(wb="")}},Kb=function(){Z("-1")},Mb=function(a){if(a&&a.data&&k(a.data)){var b;var c=a.data;if(k(c)){b={};for(var c=c.split("n"),d=0;d=e)){var f=Number(c[d].substr(0,e)),e=c[d].substr(e+1);switch(f){case 5:case 8:case 11:case 15:case 16:case 18:e="true"==e;break;case 4:case 7:case 6:case 14:case 20:case 21:case 22:case 23:e=Number(e);break;case 3:case 19:if("function"==aa(decodeURIComponent))try{e=decodeURIComponent(e)}catch(l){throw Error("Error: URI malformed: "+e);}break;case 17:e=ra(decodeURIComponent(e).split(","),Number)}b[f]=e}}b=b[0]?b:null}else b=null;if(b&&(c=new G(b[4],b[12]),I&&I.match(c))){for(c=0;cX&&!U&&2==Y&&Nb(p,"osd2","hs="+X)},Pb=function(){var a={};H(I,a);a[0]="goog_dom_content_loaded";var b=J(a);try{Sa(function(){Xa(b)},10,"osd_listener::ldcl_int")}catch(c){}},Qb=function(){var a={};H(I,a);a[0]="goog_creative_loaded";var b=J(a);Sa(function(){Xa(b)},10,"osd_listener::lcel_int");Bb=!0},Rb=function(a){if(k(a)){a=a.split("&");for(var b=a.length-1;0<=b;b–){var c=a[b],d=Qa;c==d.l?(hb=!1,a.splice(b,1)):c==d.h?(W=1,a.splice(b,1)):c==d.j?(U=!1,a.splice(b,1)):c==d.i&&(ib=!0,a.splice(b,1))}Eb=a.join("&")}},Sb=function(){if(!zb){var a=eb();a&&(zb=!0,Ab=a.tagName,a.complete||a.naturalWidth?Qb():F(a,"load",Qb,"osd_listener::creative_load"))}};n("osdlfm",D("osd_listener::init",function(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,l,S){Q=a;wb=b;xb=d;T=f;g&&Rb(g);U=f;1==l?qb.push(947190538):2==l?qb.push(947190541):3==l&&qb.push(947190542);I=new G(e,da());F(p,"load",Kb,"osd_listener::load");F(p,"message",Mb,"osd_listener::message");gb=c||"";R=[Jb(c,S)];F(p,"unload",Ob,"osd_listener::unload");var t=p.document;!t.readyState||"complete"!=t.readyState&&"loaded"!=t.readyState?w("Trident")||w("MSIE")?F(t,"readystatechange",function(){"complete"!=t.readyState&&"loaded"!=t.readyState||Pb()},"osd_listener::rsc"):F(t,"DOMContentLoaded",Pb,"osd_listener::dcl"):Pb();-1==Q?Y=f?3:1:-2==Q?Y=3:0